Tag Archives: torah

Definition: Sin

And everyone that practices sin, perpetrates iniquity; for all sin is iniquity. (1 John 3:4 AENT pg. 654).

“…all sin is iniquity.”  Sin and iniquity are equivalent according to the “New Testament,” more aptly called the  Renewed Covenant.  But what is iniquity?

The dictionary defines iniquity as “lack of justice or righteousness; wickedness; injustice.”  The page at Dictionary.com includes a usage example from the Torah (Exodus 34:6-7).  Iniquity (lack of righteousness) can therefore be described as “Lawlessness,” which is “Torah-lessness” for those who consider the Bible to be Divinely inspired by the Creator.

You therefore, my beloved, as you know (these things) beforehand, guard yourselves or else, by going after the error of the Torahless, you fall from your steadfastness.  (2 Peter 3:17 AENT pg.458).

While sin is sin, meaning that sin is Torahlessness, without compromise, keep in mind that there is a difference between the occasional lapse vs. a lifestyle of practicing sin:

Everyone that is born of Elohim does not practice sin because his seed is in him and he cannot sin because he is born of Elohim. (1 John 3:9 AENT pg.654)

Secondly, our Father in Heaven has always been merciful towards those who repent:

YHWH, YHWH El, merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth, Keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, and that will by no means clear the guilty; visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children’s children, unto the third and to the fourth generation. (Exodus 34:6-7).

Does your Sword need sharpening? Pick up your copy of the Aramaic NT today:

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1 Peter 1:13-17 (AENT)

13. Wherefore, gird up the loins of your minds and be awake perfectly and wait for the joy which will come to you at the revelation of our Master Y’shua the Mashiyach 14. as obedient children: and be you not conversant again with those former lusts with which you lusted when without knowledge. 15. But be you set apart in all your conduct, as he is set apart who has called you. 16. Because it is written: Be you Kadosh even as I am Kadosh. 17. And if so be, you call on the Father with whom is no respect of persons and who judges everyone according to his deeds, pass the time of your stay with fear…

In Hebrew and in Aramaic, “Kadosh” (root: קדש) means “Set Apart.”  Therefore, “Be not conversant with those former lusts…” (v14) refers to setting oneself apart from those former things.  To be “Set Apart” (vs 15,16) is to be separated from something, and to be set apart unto something else.  Here the calling is exactly the same as it was given to the Children of Israel: “Be set apart from the world and its ways, and be set apart unto Me.”

V.16 “Because it is written…”  Where is is written?  Well, any concordance or Bible search program will tell you: Lost of places, including Leviticus 11 and Leviticus 20, for example.  Let’s examine a few of them:

Sanctify yourselves therefore, and be ye holy: for I am YHWH your God… And ye shall be holy unto me: for I YHWH am holy, and have severed you from other people, that ye should be mine. (Lev 20:7 & 26 AV)

…For I am YHWH your God: ye shall therefore sanctify yourselves, and ye shall be holy; for I am holy: neither shall ye defile yourselves with any manner of creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.  For I am YHWH that bringeth you up out of the land of Egypt, to be your God: ye shall therefore be holy, for I am holy.  (Lev 11:44-45 AV)

See also: Numbers 15:40, Deuteronomy 23:14.

So what is Peter saying?  He said “Be awake perfectly” (v.13) like “obedient children” (v.14).  Pay attention!  Why? So that we will “not be conversant with those former lusts with which you lusted when without knowledge.”

The Word is saying that we must separate ourselves from the things that pertain to sinful life.  This is because we are called by YHWH (v.15) to “Be Set Apart as YHWH is Set Apart.”

Why this calling?  Because YHWH “judges everyone according to his deeds” (v.17).  This is consistent with Y’shua’s final words:

“Behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me to recompense everyone according to his work.” (Rev. 22:13 AENT)

Which just so happens to be consistent with the rest of Scripture:

Also unto thee, O Adonai, belongeth mercy: for thou renderest to every man according to his work. (Ps 62:12)
Say not, I will do so to him as he hath done to me: I will render to the man according to his work. (Pr 24:29 AV)

The context of Peter’s first letter is that it is written to believers in Y’shua haMashiach, who are the “elect and sojourners” (v.1), who are “chosen… to the obedience and the sprinkling of the blood of Y’shua the Mashiyach ” (v.2).

As anyone can see here, disciples of Y’shua haMashiach have been chosen for “obedience” as well as for “the sprinkling.”

Still ready to press on?  We mentioned several specific verses in the Tanakh earlier, but to get the greater context, check out the full chapters:  Leviticus 11 and 20; Numbers 15; Deuteronomy 23.

Wherefore, Torah is Set Apart; and the commandment is set apart, and righteous, and good.  (Romans 7:12 AENT)

Philippians 3:20-21 from Aramaic Source Texts

But our concern is with heaven and from thence we expect our Life Giver, our Master, Y’shua the Mashiyach who will change the body of our abasement, that it may have the likeness of the body of his glory according to his great power, whereby all things are made subject to him. (Phil. 3:20-21 AENT)

This is a powerful, encouraging Word.  Our concern is not with earthly things, but Kingdom things and Kingdom issues.  Our earthly physical body will be changed in the end – we will be transformed – puts things into perspective, doesn’t it?  This is the GREAT HOPE.
Backing up a little to verse 17, let’s get more of the context:

Be like me, my Brothers; and contemplate them who walk after the pattern you have seen in us.  For there are many who walk otherwise; of whom I have often told you, and I now tell you with weeping that they are adversaries of the stake of the Mashiyach;  whose end is destruction; whose Elohim is their belly and their glory their shame; whose thoughts are on things of the earth. (Phil. 3:17-19 AENT)

Is your Elohim your belly?  Or rather, is your Elohim the King of kings and the Master of masters?  

Your Elohim, personally speaking, is whom you serve; it is whom you strive to please.  

If your number one priority is your own comfort, your own provision for yourself, even your own diet preferences (“I know the Word says don’t eat such-and-such, but I’ll pick my theologies according to how I want to live; all that old stuff is done away with, right?”) then the answer for you is clear.  If your choices are made according to the ways of the world (“looking out for Number One = mySELF”), then your Elohim is your own belly.  
If, on the other hand, you care to “be like Paul,” and to “contemplate them who walk after the pattern you have seen in us,” then you will not serve your belly; and you will not be “adversaries of the stake (cross) of the Mashiyach.”  
Paul said “be like me” in these other places as well:


1 Cor 4:16  (and my ways v.17) 
1 Cor 11:1,2
1Thess 4:1-7, 11
2 Tim 3:10
So, what is Paul’s “way of life?”
For direct evidence, check out these passages:
Acts 20:16
Acts 21:20-24
Acts 24:14
Acts 25:8
Acts 26:20
Blessings to you, in the name of Y’shua the Messiah.

 Aramaic English New Testament:

“…the NT Time Bomb!” – Rev. Frederick Brown Harris, Chaplain to the US Senate.

A new translation from qualified Eastern manuscripts

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Teddy Chadwick with Gavriel Ogugua

Teaching Session by Teddy Chadwick & Gavriel Ogugua. [like]

On Sept 21, Teddy and Gavriel held a seminar at Christ Church in Sheridan Indiana on such topics as the Feasts, Torah for believers, grafted into the Olive Tree, and the two resurrections of Revelation 20. We shared Scriptures, visions and dreams from the prophetic realm. We caught most of it on this recording above.


by Eddie Chumney.

  1. Teaches and reveals the Divine nature of G-d.
    1. G-d is Holy (Leviticus 19:2).
    2. G-d is Love (I John 4:7-8).
    3. G-d is Gracious, Righteous, Merciful (Psalm 116:5).
    4. G-d is Light (I John 1:5).
  2. Teaches and reveals sin (Romans 3:20, Galatians 3:10, James 2:10, I John 3:4).
  3. Teaches and reveals man’s need to have a Messiah (Mashiach) (Romans 10:4). “End” in Greek means “Goal/Target.”
  4. Teaches and reveals the G-d of Israel’s redemptive plan through the Messiah (Mashiach) (Psalm 40:6-7, Hebrews 10:5-7, Luke 24:36, 44).
  5. Teaches and reveals that man is saved/redeemed/delivered by the grace/mercy (chesed) of the G-d of Israel by faith (emunah) and not by the deeds of the law (Romans 3:20, 24, 28, Galatians 2:16, Ephesians 2:8-9).
  6. Teaches and reveals the difference between the life of the Spirit (the Torah written upon a heart of flesh) and the life of the flesh/evil inclination (the Torah written upon a heart of stone) (Romans 8:1-3, 5-9).
  7. Teaches us how to grow from spiritual babies to spiritual maturity (Genesis 17:1, Psalm 19:7-8, Psalm 119:1-2, Ephesians 4:11-15, Hebrews 5:12-14).

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Study in James (Yakov) 1

Doers and Not Simply Hearers

It is quite amazing how the Epistle of  James the first chapter flows so fluidly from the conclusion of Hebrews, found just prior to its postscript found in the final three verses:

Now the God of peace… make you perfect in every good work to do his will, working in you that which is wellpleasing in his sight, through Jesus Christ; to whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen.  (Epistle to the Hebrews 13:20 & 21)

The Epistle to the Hebrews has just completed a thorough treatment of the Law and of the Word of God, including our heavenly reward for keeping His Word at the expense of much suffering in this life for His name’s sake.  See our treatment of Hebrews 12 and other chapters for more on this.

Now we move into James and see not only that our temptations are to be joy to us (v.2,3), but also that the law is a perfect gift from God:

Do not err, my beloved brethren.  Every good gift and every perfect[1] gift is from above, and cometh down from the Father of lights, with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning. (Js 1:16,17)

But whoso looketh into the perfect law of liberty, and continueth therein, he being not a forgetful hearer, but a doer of the work, this man shall be blessed in his deed. (v.25)

We see here that in verse 25, that the Law (Torah) is the Perfect Law of Liberty.  This liberty does not mean we are free to do as we please, but free to do as we should, according to the Law.  It is Perfect, which is Holy.  The same word “perfect” is used in verse 17 to describe the perfect gifts which by default come only from the Father – and that He never changes.  Therefore, the Torah is also a Perfect Gift which has come down from our Holy, never-changing Father in Heaven.

This is the warning:  “Do not err, my beloved brethren”  (v.16).  The warning is against us who may disregard the perfect law.

For an idea of what Paul taught about the law, let’s peek at Romans 7:12:

Wherefore the law is holy, and the commandment holy, and just, and good.

On this verse, Robert’s Word Pictures comments:

Holy, and righteous, and good (agia kai dikaia kai agayh). This is the conclusion (wherefore, wste) to the query in verse 7. The commandment is God’s and so holy like Him, just in its requirements and designed for our good. The modern revolt against law needs these words. (RWP)

Continuing in James:

Wherefore lay apart all filthiness and superfluity of naughtiness, and receive with meekness the engrafted word, which is able to save your souls.  But be ye doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving your own selves.  (Js 1:21,22)

Filthiness and naughtiness are the results of breaking the law.

What is the “engrafted[2] word?”  This is the Logos of God, which has been taught to us, implanted in us, even implanted by others into us.  It is this Logos, which has been offered to us by YHWH and written upon our hearts.  He has written it (Logos) in His book by His Spirit, and He has written it upon our hearts by His Spirit.  They are one and the same, for the Spirit will never contradict Himself.

This is the Logos (Word) which we are instructed to receive with meekness (v.21).  We are to be doers of the Logos, and not hearers only (v.22).

“Do not err, my beloved brethren.”  That is, do not despise the Word of God, including His Perfect Law.  Rather, receive it with meekness.  And do not be hearers only, but doers.

May the LORD bless you in the Name of Yeshua.

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[1] 5046 teleiov teleios tel’-i-os from 5056; TDNT – 8:67,1161; adj

KJV – perfect 17, man 1, of full age 1; 19

1) brought to its end, finished

2) wanting nothing necessary to completeness

3) perfect

4) that which is perfect

4a) consummate human integrity and virtue

4b) of men

4b1) full grown, adult, of full age, mature

[2] engrafted 1721 emfutov emphutos em’-foo-tos

from 1722 and a derivative of 5453;; adj

KJV – engrafted 1; 1

1) inborn, implanted by nature, implanted by others instruction