Tag Archives: Hebrew Roots

Shabbat Begins at Sundown on the Sixth Day

This is that which YHWH hath said, To morrow is the rest of the Holy Sabbath unto YHWH. Ex. 16:23 Shabbat Countdown with Yerubilee.

How much can you get done before sunset on the sixth day each week?

Is it possible to clear the desk by then?

How would it feel to put off the rest of the cleaning for 24 hours – and have a valid excuse for doing so?

Can we finish the cooking by sunset, and then relax and just eat leftovers for a day?

Seems pretty easy, actually. Why fight it?

Matthew 1:1-19 in the Aramaic

Matthew Chapter 1

1. The book of the genealogy of Y’shua the Mashiyach,the son of Dawid, the son of Awraham.

2. Awraham fathered Yitz’chak, Yitz’chak  fathered Ya’akov. Ya’akov fathered Yehuda and his brothers.  3. Yehuda fathered Peretz and Zarakh by Thamar.  Peretz fathered Khetzron.  4. Khetzron fathered Aram. Aram fathered Amminadav, Amminadav fathered, Nekhshon.  Nekhshon fathered Salmon.  5. Salmon fathered Bo’az by Rachav, Bo’az fathered Awbed by Rawth, Awbed fathered Ishai.  6. Ishai fathered Dawid the king. Dawid fathered Shlemon by the wife of Awrea.  7. Shlemon fathered Rechav’am, Rechav’am fathered Aviyah, Aviyah fathered Asa.  8. Asa fathered Yahoshapat, Yahoshapat fathered Yoram, Yoram fathered Uziyahu.  9. Uziyahu fathered Yotham, Yotham fathered Akhaz, Akhaz fathered Hizkiyahu.  10. Hizkiyahu fathered M’nasheh, M’nasheh fathered Amon, Amon fathered Yoshiyahu.  11. Yoshiyahu fathered Yochanyahu and his brothers in the captivity of Bavel.  12. And after the captivity now of Bavel, Yochanyahu fathered Sh’altiel, Sh’altiel fathered Zerubavel.  13. Zerubavel fathered Awiud, Awiud fathered Elyakim, Elyakim fathered Azor.  14. Azor fathered Tzadoq.  Tzadoq fathered Achin, Achin fathered El’ichud.  15. El’ichud fathered El’azar, El’azar fathered Matan, Matan fathered Ya’akov.  16. Ya’akov fathered Yosip, the guardian* of Maryam, from whom was born Y’shua, who is called the Mashiyach.  17. Therefore, all the generations from Awraham until Dawid were fourteen generations, from Dawid to the captivity were fourteen generations and from the captivity of Bavel until the Mashiyach were fourteen generations.  18. Now the birth of Y’shua, the Mashiyach, was like this:  While Maryam his mother was betrothed to Yosip, without them being united, she was found pregnant by the Ruach haKodesh. 19. But Yosip, her husband was just and did not desire to expose her, yet he was thinking in secret that he would dismiss her. (Matt. 1:1-19 AENT).

Genealogy of the Messiah:  Who Says Matthew Cannot Count to Fourteen?

Greek NT comes under accusation with blatant mistakes as found in Matthew 1.  Verse 17 asserts 
that the generation count must be 14, 14, & 14, and yet in Greek verses 12-16, one can only find 13 
generations, including Y’shua.  In the Aramaic Peshitta NT, the v.16 Yosip is Maryam’s father, not 
husband: Problem resolved.  Secondly, if she is attached to the Davidic line only by marriage as 
written in Greek, then her offspring cannot be the Messiah. The Peshitta (Eastern Aramaic) text of the New Testament fixes all this.

Third, the Peshitta distinguishes the first Yosip (v.16) from the second (v.19), so the contradiction 
with Luke 3:23 disappears. Fourth, see Matt. 8:9 for another usage of “gowra” as “father” rather 
than “husband.”  Lastly, note that it is inappropriate to double any name in an attempt to balance 
the Greek lists.


* The word gowra designates a protector-male or guardian; the context of this verse determines its specific meaning.  Y’shua elsewhere says “which one of gowra, if he has a son…(Mt.7:9),” obviously “father” is intended.

Complete text, with over 1700 footnotes and extensive commentary available in the Aramaic English New Testament:

Aramaic English New Testament

2 Corinthians 4:6-7 from the Aramaic

Because Elohim, who commanded the light to arise from darkness, has Himself shined in our hearts, that we might be illuminated with the knowledge of the glory of Elohim on the face of Y’shua the Mashiyach.*  7. But we have this treasure in an earthen vessel that the excellence of the power might be from Elohim, and not from us.  (2 Cor. 4:6-7 AENT pg. 542)

* A.G. Roth: This verse strengthens the idea that the glory of Elohim is “reflected” in Y’shua’s face.

Aramaic English New Testament

1 John 4:17-18 from the Aramaic Sources

And hereby is his love perfected with us; that we may have open countenances in the day of judgment; because as he was, so also are we in this world.  18. In love there is no fear; but perfect love casts out fear; because fear exists in peril, and he that fears* is not perfected in love.
(1 John 4:17-18 AENT pg. 658)

* A.G. Roth: This refers to the fear of man, the fear of loss and every other form of fear, except the Fear of YHWH.  The Fear of YHWH helps to perfect the love of YHWH.  A young child is taught about boundaries to protect and sustain the child’s welfare.  The more understanding a child has of their boundaries and environment, the more likely they will not fall into danger.  A child does not have the knowledge of their parent; neither does mankind have all the knowledge that YHWH has.  When YHWH establishes righteous boundaries for mankind, it is only a fool who oversteps them.

Aramaic English New Testament

Definition: Sin

And everyone that practices sin, perpetrates iniquity; for all sin is iniquity. (1 John 3:4 AENT pg. 654).

“…all sin is iniquity.”  Sin and iniquity are equivalent according to the “New Testament,” more aptly called the  Renewed Covenant.  But what is iniquity?

The dictionary defines iniquity as “lack of justice or righteousness; wickedness; injustice.”  The page at Dictionary.com includes a usage example from the Torah (Exodus 34:6-7).  Iniquity (lack of righteousness) can therefore be described as “Lawlessness,” which is “Torah-lessness” for those who consider the Bible to be Divinely inspired by the Creator.

You therefore, my beloved, as you know (these things) beforehand, guard yourselves or else, by going after the error of the Torahless, you fall from your steadfastness.  (2 Peter 3:17 AENT pg.458).

While sin is sin, meaning that sin is Torahlessness, without compromise, keep in mind that there is a difference between the occasional lapse vs. a lifestyle of practicing sin:

Everyone that is born of Elohim does not practice sin because his seed is in him and he cannot sin because he is born of Elohim. (1 John 3:9 AENT pg.654)

Secondly, our Father in Heaven has always been merciful towards those who repent:

YHWH, YHWH El, merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth, Keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, and that will by no means clear the guilty; visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children’s children, unto the third and to the fourth generation. (Exodus 34:6-7).

Does your Sword need sharpening? Pick up your copy of the Aramaic NT today:

Aramaic English New Testament

What About Feasts?

And if one of the pagans invite you, and you are disposed to go, eat whatever is set before you, without an inquiry on account of conscience.  1 Cor. 10:27 AENT pg. 518

The AV puts it this way:

If any of them that believe not bid you to a feast, and ye be disposed to go; whatsoever is set before you, eat, asking no question for conscience sake. 1 Cor 10:27 KJV


1: One that “does not believe” equals “pagan.”

2: The feast that an “unbeliever/pagan” invites you to is at the very least, a potential pagan feast.

3: “And you are disposed to go…”  The choice is YOURS.  You are FREE to choose whether or not you wish to attend a pagan feast (such as Christmas).  You are not Biblically constrained to shun unbelievers’ dinner tables at all costs.

4: “Eat whatever is set before you…”  Just eat it, eat it, eat it, eat it!  Thanks MJ & Weird Al for that one!  Well, with one caveat, found in the very next verse:

But if any one will say to you, “This meat is derived from a sacrifice;” DON’T EAT IT…  1 Cor 10:28 AENT pg. 518

This relates to the larger discussion about “meat sacrificed to idols” which occupies most of 1 Corinthians 10.  Actually, there is one other caveat, expressed elsewhere in the Full Counsel of the Bible, for example:

…for it is sanctified by the Word of Elohim and by prayer.            1 Timothy 4:5 AENT pg. 628

When meat is sanctified (Set Apart), it is FIRST made “Kadosh” by the WORD of ELOHIM (Leviticus 11) and SECONDLY by prayer.

To a first century reader/hearer of the Letter to the Corinthians, it GOES WITHOUT SAYING that the meat offered is from a CLEAN animal.

To those of us in the 20th/21st century, it takes a bit of searching to grasp the principle of eating clean meat from the NT, but it’s unmistakably in there!

“An idol is nothing.” (1 Cor 8:4)  That’s the reason that meat from a CLEAN animal (Lev. 11) can be consumed, once it is cleansed through prayer from any idolatrous spiritual “goo.”

Further, see “Eighteen New Testament Misconceptions” beginning on  pg.794 of the AENT.

In conclusion,  even if you realize that Christmas or Easter, being pagan, has nothing to do with you, it’s Biblically ok to attend such a feast IF you know what you’re doing and IF you are inclined to go.  Who knows?  You might make some friends.

What About Christmas?

As for Christmas, I gradually arrived at the point a couple years ago where I no longer celebrate it.  In short, it is futile to try to sanctify a pagan feast.  Sanctify = “Holy-ize” = “Kadosh-ize” = “make Set Apart” and we already have the Set Apart Feasts as determined by YHWH in Leviticus 23.  Who else but YHWH has the authority to declare Set Apart Feasts?

INSERT: This isn’t as upsetting to life as it seems at first.  Biblically, we can still attend feasts if we feel it is beneficial.  See “What about Feasts” for comments on 1 Cor. 10:27.

The arguments for Christmas just don’t pan out anymore for me:  “Well, we’re not celebrating paganism, we’re celebrating the birth of Jesus.”  Ok – can anyone find ONE Biblical example of anyone celebrating the birth of Y’shua the Messiah as a commemorative yearly event?  How come none of the disciples captured Y’shua’s pearls of wisdom after He blew out the candles?


For that matter, can we find ANYONE’S birthday in the Bible?  Yes, and well, they’re all bad.  For example, on Herod’s birthday, John’s head was chopped off.  How sweet!  Put it on the frying pan with the chicken head.  So the birthday thing in general… not Biblical, but a holdover from pagan cultures which had astrological traditions.   So why celebrate our own birthdays?  Therefore, why Y’shua’s?


His death is what carries meaning for us.  The Atonement.  And that is memorialized in Passover.


Ok, so how about if people don’t get the revelation about how unbiblical birthdays are… and they really want to put up a tree and hang balls on it and kiss under the mistletoe and remember that Jesus was born in Bethlehem?  (All except the last item on that list have pagan origins).


Let me ask them this:  Why, oh why, must we remember Messiah’s birth on the VERY EXACT DAY that the pagans celebrated that the false god “Mithra” was said to have been born?


Next we go to Exodus 32 and take a look at the golden calf scenario.  Most of us grew up thinking that Israel had sunk into depraved idolatry at that point.  They had, but not like we think.  They had entered into MIXED WORSHIP.  Aaron takes a gander at the shiny new calf idol, and then proclaims a feast to YHWH!!  Verse 5.  They were MIXING the worship of YHWH with pagan practices from Egypt.  YHWH absolutely hated that.  YHWH hates mixture.


Christmas is mixture.  Birthdays in general are mixture.  We see in the Bible what YHWH thinks about mixture in Jeremiah 10 and other places.  In other words, “DO NOT imitate the ways of the pagan cultures.”


The Israel of YHWH, by contrast, rather than following pagan customs, instead follows YHWH-ordained customs, such as those in Lev. 23.  In fact, it is YHWH Himself who DECIDES which customs are SET APART unto YHWH and which customs are not, therefore, er, pagan.


In Jeremiah 16:19 the “gentiles” finally wake up and confess the sin of their “handed down” traditions.


In Ephesians 2:11, Romans 9:6-7, and Romans 2:28-29, we see that we are no longer gentiles.  We are ex-gentiles.  There are only two categories of nations in the Bible:  Israel, and Gentiles (goyim).  We are called out of the goyim (like Abraham was in the first place) and called into Israel of YAH.  We are called to leave behind out goyish pagan customs and enter into new life in Y’shua Messiah with HIS customs and ways of life.  “Come out of her my people!”  Rev. 18.  Babylon represents the ultimate in rebellion against YAH (Tower of Babel) which is paganism aka witchcraft.


1Sa 15:23 For rebellion is as the sin of witchcraft, and stubbornness is as iniquity (lawlessness) and idolatry.



1 Peter 1:15 “as it is WRITTEN, be Set Apart as I am Set Apart”


This is a cross-reference to Lev. 11.  Find the “be Holy” section in that chapter!


Peter writes “be Holy in ALLLLLLLLL your conduct… as it is WRITTEN…”


Just to rip away the veil a little bit here… when a “new testament” writer says, “as it is written…”, he is referencing the “old testament.”  (See page 833 in the AENT, in the article “Founders of the All Gentile Church” beginning on 829 for more info on these erroneous terms “old testament”).


Also, see my facebook group “Merry Christ Life and a Happy New You,” if you haven’t already, particularly the post which includes the link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vpQt4LlWqPQ



The deception goes very, very deep.  But armed with Truth, we can overcome the deception:


“One basic truth can be used as a foundation for a mountain of lies, and if we dig down deep enough in the mountain of lies, and bring out that truth, to set it on top of the mountain of lies; the entire mountain of lies will crumble under the weight of that one truth, and there is nothing more devastating to a structure of lies than the revelation of the truth upon which the structure of lies was built, because the shock waves of the revelation of the truth reverberate, and continue to reverberate throughout the Earth for generations to follow, awakening even those people who had no desire to be awakened to the truth.” – Delamer Duverus


For more articles like this, my friend Harold has been doing a huge amount of thinking and writing on foundational issues related to this subject.  Check his articles, such as this one.






“Messianic Roots Reggae

from Jerusalem”


1 Peter 1:13-17 (AENT)

13. Wherefore, gird up the loins of your minds and be awake perfectly and wait for the joy which will come to you at the revelation of our Master Y’shua the Mashiyach 14. as obedient children: and be you not conversant again with those former lusts with which you lusted when without knowledge. 15. But be you set apart in all your conduct, as he is set apart who has called you. 16. Because it is written: Be you Kadosh even as I am Kadosh. 17. And if so be, you call on the Father with whom is no respect of persons and who judges everyone according to his deeds, pass the time of your stay with fear…

In Hebrew and in Aramaic, “Kadosh” (root: קדש) means “Set Apart.”  Therefore, “Be not conversant with those former lusts…” (v14) refers to setting oneself apart from those former things.  To be “Set Apart” (vs 15,16) is to be separated from something, and to be set apart unto something else.  Here the calling is exactly the same as it was given to the Children of Israel: “Be set apart from the world and its ways, and be set apart unto Me.”

V.16 “Because it is written…”  Where is is written?  Well, any concordance or Bible search program will tell you: Lost of places, including Leviticus 11 and Leviticus 20, for example.  Let’s examine a few of them:

Sanctify yourselves therefore, and be ye holy: for I am YHWH your God… And ye shall be holy unto me: for I YHWH am holy, and have severed you from other people, that ye should be mine. (Lev 20:7 & 26 AV)

…For I am YHWH your God: ye shall therefore sanctify yourselves, and ye shall be holy; for I am holy: neither shall ye defile yourselves with any manner of creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.  For I am YHWH that bringeth you up out of the land of Egypt, to be your God: ye shall therefore be holy, for I am holy.  (Lev 11:44-45 AV)

See also: Numbers 15:40, Deuteronomy 23:14.

So what is Peter saying?  He said “Be awake perfectly” (v.13) like “obedient children” (v.14).  Pay attention!  Why? So that we will “not be conversant with those former lusts with which you lusted when without knowledge.”

The Word is saying that we must separate ourselves from the things that pertain to sinful life.  This is because we are called by YHWH (v.15) to “Be Set Apart as YHWH is Set Apart.”

Why this calling?  Because YHWH “judges everyone according to his deeds” (v.17).  This is consistent with Y’shua’s final words:

“Behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me to recompense everyone according to his work.” (Rev. 22:13 AENT)

Which just so happens to be consistent with the rest of Scripture:

Also unto thee, O Adonai, belongeth mercy: for thou renderest to every man according to his work. (Ps 62:12)
Say not, I will do so to him as he hath done to me: I will render to the man according to his work. (Pr 24:29 AV)

The context of Peter’s first letter is that it is written to believers in Y’shua haMashiach, who are the “elect and sojourners” (v.1), who are “chosen… to the obedience and the sprinkling of the blood of Y’shua the Mashiyach ” (v.2).

As anyone can see here, disciples of Y’shua haMashiach have been chosen for “obedience” as well as for “the sprinkling.”

Still ready to press on?  We mentioned several specific verses in the Tanakh earlier, but to get the greater context, check out the full chapters:  Leviticus 11 and 20; Numbers 15; Deuteronomy 23.

Wherefore, Torah is Set Apart; and the commandment is set apart, and righteous, and good.  (Romans 7:12 AENT)

Philippians 3:20-21 from Aramaic Source Texts

But our concern is with heaven and from thence we expect our Life Giver, our Master, Y’shua the Mashiyach who will change the body of our abasement, that it may have the likeness of the body of his glory according to his great power, whereby all things are made subject to him. (Phil. 3:20-21 AENT)

This is a powerful, encouraging Word.  Our concern is not with earthly things, but Kingdom things and Kingdom issues.  Our earthly physical body will be changed in the end – we will be transformed – puts things into perspective, doesn’t it?  This is the GREAT HOPE.
Backing up a little to verse 17, let’s get more of the context:

Be like me, my Brothers; and contemplate them who walk after the pattern you have seen in us.  For there are many who walk otherwise; of whom I have often told you, and I now tell you with weeping that they are adversaries of the stake of the Mashiyach;  whose end is destruction; whose Elohim is their belly and their glory their shame; whose thoughts are on things of the earth. (Phil. 3:17-19 AENT)

Is your Elohim your belly?  Or rather, is your Elohim the King of kings and the Master of masters?  

Your Elohim, personally speaking, is whom you serve; it is whom you strive to please.  

If your number one priority is your own comfort, your own provision for yourself, even your own diet preferences (“I know the Word says don’t eat such-and-such, but I’ll pick my theologies according to how I want to live; all that old stuff is done away with, right?”) then the answer for you is clear.  If your choices are made according to the ways of the world (“looking out for Number One = mySELF”), then your Elohim is your own belly.  
If, on the other hand, you care to “be like Paul,” and to “contemplate them who walk after the pattern you have seen in us,” then you will not serve your belly; and you will not be “adversaries of the stake (cross) of the Mashiyach.”  
Paul said “be like me” in these other places as well:


1 Cor 4:16  (and my ways v.17) 
1 Cor 11:1,2
1Thess 4:1-7, 11
2 Tim 3:10
So, what is Paul’s “way of life?”
For direct evidence, check out these passages:
Acts 20:16
Acts 21:20-24
Acts 24:14
Acts 25:8
Acts 26:20
Blessings to you, in the name of Y’shua the Messiah.

 Aramaic English New Testament:

“…the NT Time Bomb!” – Rev. Frederick Brown Harris, Chaplain to the US Senate.

A new translation from qualified Eastern manuscripts

With amazing insights!


Available at:






Aramaic English New Testament, Closeup



Here’s a close-up of the Aramaic English New Testament:  As you can see, the Aramaic text from the original Eastern Peshitta is on the right-hand page, and the matching English translation is on the facing page to the left.  מריא being the Aramaic cognate for the Tetragrammaton is represented in English as “Master YHWH,” and you can see for yourself that Holy Spirit, or Ruach haKodesh is truly רוחא דּקודשָא on the Aramaic side, the equivalent of the Hebrew רוח הקודש.  The precious name of the Messiah “Yeshua” or “Y’shua” is seen in the upper-right hand side of this snapshot from Acts 2 as ישוע which is spelled the same in either Hebrew or Aramaic.


Many other names are transliterated in the English to sound as they are in Hebrew/Aramaic, such as “Shlichim” (Apostles, or “Sent-Out Ones”) and “Urishlim” (Yerushalayim/Jerusalem).


The Aramaic is written in “Hebrew Block Letters,” or Ashurri Script, in the current 4th Edition and also the previous 3rd Edition.  In earlier editions, the Aramaic was printed in the Estrangelo font.  In actuality, both Alep-beets originate from Aramaic, which lent alep-beets to Hebrew and Arabic as well.


This Bible is available at JTOD.org/AENT.cfm and the proceeds help the work of Yerubilee in Israel.  







“Messianic Roots Reggae

from Jerusalem”